–>What would you call this?
In some places, like Chicago or St Louis, people call this pop. In other places like Philadelphia, people would call it a soda. We’ve even heard people in Massachusetts call this tonic.
There’s no risk having different ways of naming something like soda pop. It’s no big deal when you buy something to drink to go with your sandwich while you’re visiting the museum of science. “Pop? You mean soda?” the lady at the cash register asks. “OK, that’ll be $1.25.”
But talking about measurements can be tricky.
Your mom goes to the gas station and fills up the car with 10 gallons of gas. Your father puts a 12 ounce sirloin steak on the grill. Gallons and ounces are a couple of examples of how we measure stuff in the US. We use a system that was based on the Imperial system from England but changed slightly.
Here’s how Americans used measurements in the time of Thomas Jefferson:
Two mouthfuls are a jigger; two jiggers are a jack; two jacks are a jill; two jills are a cup; two cups are a pint; two pints are a quart; two quarts are a pottle; two pottles are gallon; two gallons are a pail; two pails are a peck; two pecks are a bushel; two bushels are a strike; two strikes are a coomb; two coombs are a cask; two casks are a barrel; two barrels are a hogshead; two hoghead are a pipe; two pipes are a tun-and there my story is done!
We need to be able to have a standard of measure so that if a grocery store buys a bushel of corn from Iowa, and it gets delivered to Washington State, that everyone will know exactly how much corn they’ll be getting, as long as it’s in the US.
The same is true at a hospital. The doctor tells the nurse to give you 10 ccs of some medicine. CC means cubic centimeter, which is part of the metric system, or SI, the International System of Units. It’s a completely different way of measuring than the American standard. So the doctor has two ways of measuring inside his or her head. At the gas pump? American. At the hospital? Metric.
If you’re a scientist, you, too, work in the metric system. It does not matter if you’re a scientist in Brazil, Bangladesh, Spain, Canada, or the US. Scientists use the same system. But Americans who have other jobs like carpenter, receptionist, police officer, all use the American system of measurement. Right now there are only three countries in the world that do not use the metric system for everything.
The countries on this map (courtesy of Kate Sedgwick at Matador Nights) in pink are the United States, Liberia, and Burma. Everybody else uses the metric system for everything, steaks and gasoline, included.
Will this ever change?